By Béla Tomka
A Social historical past of Twentieth-Century Europe bargains a scientific evaluate on significant points of social existence, together with inhabitants, kin and families, social inequalities and mobility, the welfare country, paintings, intake and rest, social cleavages in politics, urbanization in addition to schooling, faith and tradition. It additionally addresses significant debates and diverging interpretations of old and social learn concerning the historical past of eu societies long ago 100 years.
Organized in ten thematic chapters, this ebook takes an interdisciplinary process, employing the equipment and result of not just heritage, but additionally sociology, demography, economics and political technological know-how. Béla Tomka provides either the variety and the commonalities of ecu societies having a look not only to Western ecu nations, yet japanese, vital and Southern ecu nations besides. an ideal creation for all scholars of eu background.
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Additional resources for A Social History of Twentieth-Century Europe
State, Economy, and Society in Western Europe, vol. : Campus, 1987, 96 (Austria 1906–10, 1959–64), 97 (Belgium 1891–1900), 98 (Denmark 1895–1900, 1906–10, 1916–20, 1926–30, 1936–40, 1946–50), 99 (Finland 1891–1900, 1936–40, 1946–50), 101 (Germany 1891–1900, 1924–26, 1932–34), 102 (Ireland 1900–02, 1910–12), 103 (Italy 1899–1902, 1901–10), 104 (Netherlands 1890–99), 105 (Norway 1891–1901, 1931–41, 1946–50), 106 (Sweden 1891–1900, 1916–20, 1926–30, 1946–50), 107 (Switzerland 1899–1900, 1948–53, 1968–73), 108 (England and Wales 1891–1900, 1950–52); Franz Rothenbacher, The European Population since 1945, Houndmills: Palgrave, 2005, 174 (Czechoslovakia 1909–98), 647 (Poland 1952–1998); Franz Rothenbacher, The European Population since 1945, Houndmills: Palgrave, 2005, CD-ROM Publication (Spain 1900–1990); William C.
The population development of less industrialized countries is still at the phase of expansion, and there is no assurance that they will replicate the experience of Europe and its direct overseas oﬀshoots. 13 Furthermore, one of the most fundamental lines of criticism concerns the connection made in the model between the decrease of fertility and what is called the modernization process. 14 Another line of criticism targets the suggestion by the model of ﬁxed patterns and irreversible development, whereas in real life, demographic processes do not necessarily bear these characteristics.
Fertility was greatly aﬀected by the zigzags of the regulation of abortion. The aforementioned 1953 Hungarian tightening in the abortion law signiﬁcantly increased the number of births temporarily, and the shortly succeeding full liberalization obviously contributed to their rapid decrease. Moreover, the remarkably high East Central European ratio of induced abortions from the 1950s all through the period under examination (in a Western European comparison) facilitated long-term fertility decline as well.
A Social History of Twentieth-Century Europe by Béla Tomka