By Saartje Verbeke
The e-book offers an summary of the alignment styles present in glossy Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the suggestion of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The ebook deals an intensive dialogue of past techniques to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The e-book is an intensive synchronic research of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.
Read Online or Download Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages PDF
Best semantics books
How can we make experience of sentences with plural noun words in them? In Plurals and occasions, Barry Schein proposes combining a second-order therapy of plurals with Donald Davidson's advice that there are positions for connection with occasions in usual predicates as a way to account for numerous of the extra complicated beneficial properties of plurals with out invoking "plural objects," with its attendant metaphysics, and likewise offer an absolute truth-theoretic characterization of the semantics of sentences with plurals in them.
Adverbial amendment is perhaps one of many least understood parts of linguistics. The essays during this quantity all tackle the matter of the way to offer an research of adverbial modifiers inside of truth-conditional semantics. Chapters I-VI supply analyses of specific modifiers inside of a potential worlds framework, and have been written among 1974 and 1981.
This sequence offers approachable, but authoritative, introductions to the entire significant subject matters in linguistics. perfect for college kids with very little previous wisdom of linguistics, each one e-book conscientiously explains the fundamentals, emphasising knowing of the fundamental notions instead of arguing for a specific theoretical place.
Specialist Linguistics is an emergent sector of research inside of utilized linguistics, utilizing discourse research to help humans operating in specialist domain names. This publication examines tacit wisdom - that services that's thought of to be misplaced whilst expert practitioners go away an establishment. usually it's been argued that a few points functional wisdom can't be articulated.
- Semantics of Genitive Objects in Russian: A Study of Genitive of Negation and Intensional Genitive Case
- Plurality, Conjunction and Events
- Dynamic Semantics
- Aspectual Roles and the Syntax-Semantics Interface
- An Introduction to Modern English Word Formation
- Polysemy. Flexible Patterns of Meaning in Mind and Language
Additional info for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages
5), the patient bikori is morphosyntactically the “subject”. Based on our knowledge of “Standard European” languages, the subject has been identified with the agent (the argument performing the action) and the direct object has been identified with the patient (the argument undergoing the action). Because the subject is also the argument that displays the morphosyntactic features of nominative case and the control of agreement, the observation that the patient in an ergative construction displays the morphosyntactic features of a subject is, to say the least, surprising.
1 Silverstein’s hierarchy Split alignment has been a common term in the literature since Dixon (1979). For instance, languages with split alignment may display a predominantly ergative pattern, but they will have constructions diverting from this alignment, often in favor of an accusative pattern. The reasons for these deviating constructions are manifold, but certain alignment patterns appear to be recurrent in the splits. On the basis of these recurrent constructions, one can hypothesize possible motivations for the splits.
He also introduces E to refer to any third argument in a construction that already contains an A and an O. E refers to “extension to core”. In addition to E, IO refers to this third argument but is restricted to arguments with the semantic role of recipient or beneficiary that occur in ditransitive constructions. In the present study, I will use the abbreviations S, A, O, and IO. S and A are well-established labels in the literature, S refers to the single argument of an intransitive clause, and A refers to the most agent-like argument of a transitive clause.
Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke