Get Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages PDF

By Saartje Verbeke

ISBN-10: 311029253X

ISBN-13: 9783110292534

The e-book offers an summary of the alignment styles present in glossy Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the suggestion of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The ebook deals an intensive dialogue of past techniques to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The e-book is an intensive synchronic research of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.

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Example text

5), the patient bikori is morphosyntactically the “subject”. Based on our knowledge of “Standard European” languages, the subject has been identified with the agent (the argument performing the action) and the direct object has been identified with the patient (the argument undergoing the action). Because the subject is also the argument that displays the morphosyntactic features of nominative case and the control of agreement, the observation that the patient in an ergative construction displays the morphosyntactic features of a subject is, to say the least, surprising.

1 Silverstein’s hierarchy Split alignment has been a common term in the literature since Dixon (1979). For instance, languages with split alignment may display a predominantly ergative pattern, but they will have constructions diverting from this alignment, often in favor of an accusative pattern. The reasons for these deviating constructions are manifold, but certain alignment patterns appear to be recurrent in the splits. On the basis of these recurrent constructions, one can hypothesize possible motivations for the splits.

He also introduces E to refer to any third argument in a construction that already contains an A and an O. E refers to “extension to core”. In addition to E, IO refers to this third argument but is restricted to arguments with the semantic role of recipient or beneficiary that occur in ditransitive constructions. In the present study, I will use the abbreviations S, A, O, and IO. S and A are well-established labels in the literature, S refers to the single argument of an intransitive clause, and A refers to the most agent-like argument of a transitive clause.

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Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke

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