By Russell Thornton
This demographic review of North American Indian background describes intimately the holocaust that, even at the present time, white americans are likely to brush aside as an unlucky concomitant of happen future. they want to fail to remember that, as Euro-Americans invaded North the US and prospered within the "New World," the numbers of local peoples declined sharply; whole tribes, frequently within the area of some years, have been "wiped from the face of the earth."
The fires of the holocaust that fed on American Indians blazed within the fevers of newly encountered ailments, the flash of settlers’ and infantrymen’ weapons, the ravages of "firewater," and the scorched-earth regulations of the white invaders. Russell Thornton describes how the holocaust had as its factors affliction, conflict and genocide, elimination and relocation, and destruction of aboriginal methods of life.
Until lately such a lot students appeared reluctant to invest approximately North American Indian populations in 1492. during this e-book Thornton discusses intimately what number Indians there have been, the place that they had come from, and the way smooth scholarship in lots of disciplines might let us to make extra exact estimates of aboriginal populations.
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Extra resources for American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Civilization of the American Indian)
Denevan asserted a possible error of 25 percent, one way or the other. Therefore his estimate is actually a range of about 43 to 72 million (Denevan, 1976 : 291). Denevan's estimate seems more reasonable than Kroeber's or Dobyns's or most of those in table 21. html[1/17/2011 5:09:55 PM] next page > page_25 < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 TABLE 2-4: Denevan's Population Estimates for the Western Hemisphere in 1492 Area Population (000) North America 4,400 Mexico 21,400 Central America 5,650 Caribbean 5,850 Andes 11,500 Lowland South America 8,500 Western Hemisphere 57,300 SOURCE: Denevan (1976:291).
It is also beneficial to compare examples of the same type of information; for example, one set of documents with another (Mooney, 1910a, 1928). In temporal checking data about two or more points in time are compared to see if they make sense. If, for example, the evidence indicates 10,000 people at one point in time and twice that number only a few years later, both figures are probably not correct. I have shown this in my work on George Catlin's and James Mooney's estimates (Thornton, 1978). Event checking relates information about population to known historical events (Dobyns, 1983).
Similarly, some of the estimates for North America and the United States area are components of larger hemisphere estimates (Kroeber, 1939; Dobyns, 1966; Denevan, 1976); others are not (Mooney, 1910a, 1928; Thornton and Marsh-Thornton, 1981; Dobyns, 1983). In estimates provided by anthropologists James Mooney and Alfred L. Kroeber, North America is divided further into regions and tribal areas. Occasionally, scholars are not concerned with a large area or large number of tribes and will provide population estimates for only specific subareas, such as California (Powers, 1877; Merriam, 1905; Ascher, 1959; Glassow, 1967; Cook, 1978), or specific tribes or groups (Mooney, 1889, 1907; Mook, 1944; Thompson, 1966; Turner, 1973; Feest, 1973, 1975; Miller, 1976; Snow, 1980).
American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Civilization of the American Indian) by Russell Thornton