By Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud
An Essay on pressure offers a common concept for the characterization of the tension styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the global. the center of the idea is constituted by way of the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that is a different case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the collage of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de l. a. Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.
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Additional info for An Essay on Stress
To account for the fact that closed syllables are stressed, the grammar of Aklan obviously must include a rule such as (26) that assigns closed syllables an asterisk on line 1. In addition, certain morphemes will be assigned an asterisk in their lexical representation. To account for the alternating stresses in word-final sequences of open syllables, right-headed binary constituents must be constructed from right to left. The stress pattern of nonfinal sequences of open syllables will follow automatically from this procedure if we assume that the construction of the binary constituents respects the heads previously marked (by rule or otherwise).
In such languages only obligatory constituents will surface. In (30) we state formally the rules involved in generating the stress patterns of Koya. < previous page page_14 next page > < previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 (30) a. Assign a line 1 asterisk to a vowel in a closed or long syllable. b. Line 0 parameter settings are [ + HT, BND, left]. c. Construct constituent boundaries on line 0. d. Locate the heads of line 0 constituents on line 1 The rule constructing constituent boundaries, (30c) (or more generally (21)), is subject to a number of conditions.
Hayes 1980/1, 131) The account presented above is thus the functional equivalent of Hayes's node relabeling. We believe that the account above is superior to that of Hayes in that node relabeling introduces new principles into the theory, whereas our account makes do with the independently motivated theoretical machinery. Moreover, node relabeling allows for the characterization of a number of stress phenomena that are never encountered in actual languages. 10 Hayes mentions the stress pattern of the Bolivian language Cayuvava (see (25i)) as presenting a challenge to his attempt to restrict bounded constituents to those having no more than two elements.
An Essay on Stress by Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud