By Colin Renfrew, J. Malcolm Wagstaff
A compilation of essays in regards to the archaeology and heritage of Melos, from the Stone Age to fashionable instances.
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Extra info for An Island Polity - The Archaeology of Exploitation in Melos
This assumption is accompanied by the belief that private firms are less corruptible than governments. 8 If a bribe is less than the potential profit, and has a low likelihood of discovery and penalty, then using one 32 THE BEST SYSTEM MONEY CAN BUY to get entry into a market, to win a contract, is a cost-effective business strategy. The standard view is that firms face incentives that restrict corruption: they have to be profitable, and corruption is like an additional tax; they are hierarchically structured with considerable staff oversight; and their employees are rewarded for performance, which is measurable in terms of firm profits.
Above all, one must remember that despite democratic elections, elected politicians are not CORRUPTION DYNAMICS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 21 always the agents of the voters. The holders of elected office also hold the power to change laws and intervene in judicial proceedings. They use the tools of the state to protect themselves. When it comes to matters affecting their interests, they often write weak laws. 20 In France, several high-level corruption cases have been stymied because cabinet ministers, in the name of national defense, have blocked judicial access to key documents.
The EU’s anti-fraud unit focuses on fraud against the EU budget. Powerful politicians implicated in corruption cases use their positions and connections to foil their own judiciaries. If anything, the EU’s regulation–heavy free trade regime has fostered collusion between firms and politicians. The Commission’s mantra of competition impels some to take evasive action. Indeed, contractors looking for more business may be willing to pay “commissions,” bribes, or kickbacks in order to establish themselves in a new market.
An Island Polity - The Archaeology of Exploitation in Melos by Colin Renfrew, J. Malcolm Wagstaff